Other types of plantation

Crops may be called plantation crops because of their association with a specific type of farming economy. Most of these involve a large landowner, raising crops with economic value rather than for subsistence, with a number of employees carrying out the work. Often it referred to crops newly introduced to a region. In past times it has been associated with slavery, indentured labour, and other economic models of high inequity. However, arable and dairy farming are both usually (but not always) excluded from such definitions. A comparable economic structure in antiquity was the latifundia that produced commercial quantities of olive oil or wine, for export. One plantation crop is bananas and there are others as well. [edit]High value food crops Plantings of a number of trees or shrubs grown for food or beverage, including tea, coffee, and cacao are generally called plantations. Some spice and high value crops grown from permanent perennial stock, such as black pepper, may also be so called. When the holding belongs to a single individual, that person may be called a planter. [edit]Sugar Main article: Sugar plantations in the Caribbean Sugar plantations were highly valued in the Caribbean by the British and French colonists in the 19th and 20th centuries and the use of sugar in Europe rose during this period. Sugarcane is still an important crop in Cuba. Sugar plantations also arose in countries such as Barbados and Cuba because of the natural endowments that they had. These natural endowments included soil that was conducive to growing sugar and a high marginal product of labor realized through the increasing number of slaves. [edit]Rubber Sugarcane plantation in rural Cuba Plantings of

para rubber, the tree Hevea brasiliensis, are usually called plantations. [edit]Oil Palm Oil palm agriculture is rapidly expanding across wet tropical regions, and is usually developed at plantation scale. [edit]Orchards Fruit orchards are sometimes considered to be plantations. [edit]Arable crops These include tobacco, sugarcane, pineapple, and cotton, especially in historical usage. Before the rise of cotton in the American South, indigo and rice were also sometimes called plantation crops. [edit]Fishing plantations in Newfoundland and Labrador When Newfoundland was colonized by England in 1610, the original colonists were called "Planters" and their fishing rooms were known as "fishing plantations". These terms were used well into the 20th century. The following three plantations are maintained by the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador as provincial heritage sites: Sea-Forest Plantation was a 17th-century fishing plantation established at Cuper's Cove (present-day Cupids) under a royal charter issued by King James I. Mockbeggar Plantation is an 18th-century fishing plantation at Bonavista. Pool Plantation a 17th-century fishing plantation maintained by Sir David Kirke and his heirs at Ferryland. The plantation was destroyed by French invaders in 1696. Other fishing plantations: Bristol's Hope Plantation, a 17th-century fishing plantation established at Harbour Grace, created by the Bristol Society of Merchant-Adventurers. Benger Plantation, an 18th-century fishing plantation maintained by James Benger and his heirs at Ferryland. It was built on the site of Georgia plantation. Piggeon's Plantation, an 18th-century fishing plantation maintained by Ellias Piggeon at Ferryland.